By Gary King
This publication presents an answer to the ecological inference challenge, which has plagued clients of statistical tools for over seventy-five years: How can researchers reliably infer individual-level habit from combination (ecological) facts? In political technological know-how, this question arises whilst individual-level surveys are unavailable (for example, neighborhood or comparative electoral politics), unreliable (racial politics), inadequate (political geography), or infeasible (political history). This ecological inference challenge additionally confronts researchers in different components of significant importance in public coverage, and different educational disciplines, starting from epidemiology and advertising to sociology and quantitative heritage. even if many have tried to make such cross-level inferences, students agree that each one current tools yield very misguided conclusions concerning the international. during this quantity, Gary King lays out a unique--and reliable--solution to this venerable problem.
King starts with a qualitative evaluate, readable even by way of these and not using a statistical heritage. He then unifies the it appears various findings within the methodological literature, in order that just one aggregation challenge is still solved. He then provides his answer, in addition to empirical reviews of the answer that come with over 16,000 comparisons of his estimates from actual mixture facts to the identified individual-level solution. the tactic works in practice.
King's way to the ecological inference challenge will permit empirical researchers to enquire noticeable questions that experience heretofore proved unanswerable, and stream ahead fields of inquiry within which development has been stifled by means of this problem.
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Additional info for A Solution to the Ecological Inference Problem: Reconstructing Individual Behavior from Aggregate Data
A Solution to the Ecological Inference Problem: Reconstructing Individual Behavior from Aggregate Data by Gary King