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By Eric Reinders

the most typical Buddhist perform in Asia is bowing, yet Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow Problem is the 1st learn of Buddhist obeisance in China. In Confucian ritual, everyone seems to be speculated to kowtow, or bow, to the chinese language emperor. yet Buddhists claimed exemption from bowing to any layperson, even to their very own mom and dad or the emperor. This pressure erupted in an imperial debate in 662.

This learn first asks how and why Buddhists should still bow (to the Buddha, and to monks), after which explores the arguments over their refusing to bow to the emperor. those arguments take us into the center rules of Buddhism and imperial strength: How can one in achieving nirvana through bowing? what's a Buddha snapshot? who's it that bows? Is there any ritual which can exempt a subject matter of the emperor? What are the boundaries of the state's energy over human our bodies? Centuries later, Christians had a brand new set of issues of bowing in China, to the emperor and to "idols.” Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow challenge compares those situations of refusing to bow, discusses glossy theories of obeisance, and at last strikes to ascertain a few modern analogies reminiscent of refusing to salute the yankee flag.

Contributing significantly to the research of the physique and gear, ritual, faith and fabric tradition, this quantity is of curiosity to students and scholars of spiritual experiences, Buddhism, chinese language heritage and fabric culture.

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Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow Problem in China

The most typical Buddhist perform in Asia is bowing, but Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow challenge is the 1st learn of Buddhist obeisance in China. In Confucian ritual, everyone seems to be alleged to kowtow, or bow, to the chinese language emperor. yet Buddhists claimed exemption from bowing to any layperson, even to their very own mom and dad or the emperor.

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Buddhist and Christian Responses to the Kowtow Problem in China by Eric Reinders


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